HOUSTON, Oct. 23 (Xinhua) -- The number of active drilling rigs in the United States increased by five to 287 rigs this week, down by 564 year on year, according to the weekly data released Friday by Houston-based oilfield services company Baker Hughes.
These active drilling rigs included 211 oil rigs operating in the U.S. oil fields, up by six from the previous week; 73 gas drilling rigs, down by one from the previous week; and three miscellaneous rigs, unchanged from last week.
The 287 rigs included 273 land drilling rigs, up by six from the previous week; 14 offshore drilling rigs and one inland water drilling rig, both unchanged from last week.
Of them, 21 are directional drilling rigs, 245 are horizontal drilling rigs and 21 are vertical drilling rigs.
During the week, the number of drilling rigs increased the most by two in the state of Texas to 125 rigs.
By far, the Permian Basin in western Texas and eastern New Mexico has been the largest source of shale oil production growth in the United States, having become an engine of supply growth outside the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries in the past years.
The United States became a world important oil producer in the past years with the help of its shale oil production growth. Meanwhile, China continues to be one of the biggest oil consumers of the world.
According to the latest release from the Chinese National Bureau of Statistics, China's crude oil output went up 2.4 percent year on year to 16.10 million tonnes in September. Last month, China imported 48.48 million tonnes of crude oil, surging 17.6 percent year on year.